The Heart Sutra hardly fills a page, and yet it is the best known of the thousands of scriptures in the Buddhist Canon. Its fame, though, is relatively recent in terms of Buddhist history and didn't begin until a thousand years after the Buddha's Nirvana... Since then, the Heart Sutra has become the most popular of all Buddhist scriptures, and yet no one knows where it came from or who was responsible for its composition.
The oldest portions Perfection of Wisdom (Prajnaparamita) texts are considered to be among the earliest wisdom scriptures of the various movements in Indian Buddhism that came to be known as the Mahayana.
Edward Conze identified four periods in the development of
Although Conze placed the composition
of the Heart Sutra in the third period,