Unwholesome actions

Bodily
1. Taking life
2. Taking what does not belong to oneself
3. Engaging in sexual misconduct (adultery, seduction, etc)
4. Speaking falsehood

Verbal
5. Speaking slanderous speech
6. Speaking harshly
7. Engaging in idle chatter, in gossip

Mental
8. Covetousness,yearning for the possessions of others
9. Ill will (Actively desiring harm, suffering and destruction to come to others)
10. Wrong views (specially fixed wrong views which deny the efficacy of moral action.)

By abstaining from these, one develops the opposite virtues, the ten courses of wholesome action.

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