Anatta, Dukkha and Anatta — a path
The Buddha teaches that the way to the end of dukkha is through
understanding. Not understanding the real nature of existence
we remain tied to dukkha.
Due to our craving, clinging
and attachment, we cling to body and mind,
seeing them as permanent, pleasurable and self. We interpret
them as I, mine and myself. From these erroneous notions all
sorts of defilements arise. Greed arises as the drive to acquisition.
We want to grab hold of more power, more pleasure, higher status.
The deluded notion of self gives rise to anger and hatred towards
what opposes ourself. It causes the arising of selfishness,
jealousy, pride, vanity, competitiveness. At the deepest
level the ideas of permanence, pleasure and selfhood sustain
the round of samsara.
lies in the realization of these three marks
of existence: impermanence, unsatisfactoriness and selflessness.
When we get tired of running in pursuit of the objects of
our desire, of trying to substantiate our sense of selfhood,
then we turn away and seek the way to liberation. The
Buddha points out that liberation lies precisely in the realization
of these three marks of existence: impermanence, unsatisfactoriness
and selflessness, by looking at our experience with insight.
When we stop identifying ourselves with the five aggregates,
we see them as not mine, not I and not self. Then we become
detached from the five aggregates and with detachment
there comes liberation. That is the end of dukkha, the goal
of the teaching.